Пороховой заговор и Ночь фейерверков


О чём кроме Хэллоуина можно говорить на английском языке в конце октября?

Сегодня Наташа, школьница из Великобритании, известная нашим постоянным читателям по видео из рубрики Разговоры с Наташей (Natasha Talks), рассказывает нам о Пороховом заговоре и Ночи фейерверков, неофициальном празднике, который отмечается в ночь на 5ое ноября в Англии, Австралии, Новой Зеландии и даже в некоторых провинциях Канады.

Смотрите видео и задавайте вопросы.

Remember Guy Fawkes (видео на английском языке с английскими и русскими субтитрами)

Субтитрами с помощью кнопки сс, а выбрать русские или английские субтитры можно нажав в видеопроигрывателе на шестереночку.

Для тех, кто хочет почитать текст:

Текст видео “Remember Guy Fawkes”

Hello, friends!

Natasha is here again. I am going to speak with you today about a very popular phrase for this time of the year. This phrase is “Remember, remember the 5th of November!” Let me tell you where it came from!

On November 5th every year, people all over Britain become pyromaniacs for the evening, lighting bonfires and setting off fireworks. This annual tradition is a way of remembering the events of November 5th 1605 when thirteen young men planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament, killing all inside it, including the King.

Let me tell you the story, why all that happened.

At the time, religious teaching was dictated by the Church of England which would not tolerate Roman Catholicism. Therefore it was difficult for followers of the Catholic faith to worship freely in England.

All members of the Gunpowder Plot were Catholics and the plot was a response to the repression they experienced.

Some English people were opposed to being under the rule of a Scot (King James I who was Scottish and Protestant) so the Gunpowder Plot would have put an end to that.

A small group took shape, under the leadership of Robert Catesby, who planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament. In doing so, they would kill the King and the Members of Parliament who were making life difficult for the Catholics.

To carry out their plan, the plotters got hold of 36 barrels of gunpowder – and stored them in a cellar, just under the House of Lords.

The person who was going to set alight the barrels was an experienced solider. He used to work with explosives and was called Guy Fawkes.

The King found out about the plot and sent soldiers to capture Guy Fawkes in the early hours of November 5th.

Guy Fawkes was caught, tortured and executed and this was the end of the Gunpowder Plot.

In the evening of that day, people started to set alight bonfires to celebrate the King’s safety.

Since then, November 5th has become known as Bonfire Night. The event is commemorated every year with fireworks and burning dummies of Guy Fawkes on a bonfire.

Preparations for Bonfire Night celebrations include making a dummy of Guy Fawkes, which is called “the Guy”. Some children even keep up an old tradition of walking in the streets, carrying “the Guy” they have just made, and beg passersby for “a penny for the Guy.” The kids use the money to buy fireworks for the evening’s celebrations.

On the night itself, the Guy is placed on top of the bonfire, which is then set alight; and fireworks displays fill the sky.

The Gunpowder Plot shocked the people of England so much, so that even today, the reigning monarch only enters Parliament once a year, on what is called “the State Opening of Parliament”. Prior to the Opening, and according to custom, the Yeomen of the Guard searches the cellars of the Palace of Westminster. Nowadays, the Queen and Parliament still observe this tradition.

For 400 years, bonfires have burned on November 5th to mark the failed Gunpowder Plot.

Before I go I’ll tell you a funny fact.

Some English people have been known to wonder, whether they are celebrating Fawkes’ execution OR honouring his attempt to do away with the government.

I will leave you with that to discuss. Hope to see you again soon. Remember to subscribe to my YouTube channel.

Remember, remember, the Fifth of November
Gunpowder treason and plot
I see no reason why gunpowder treason
should ever be forgot!

See you soon, goodbye!




Ещё по теме

Можно посмотреть очень милый мультфильм “Gunpowder Plot”, созданный младшими школьниками из южного Лондона. Текст, который читают ребята невсегда понятен, и я попросила Кайл сделать для нас транскрипт.

The Gunpowder plot by Kids…

Once upon a time in 1605 there was a man called Guy Fawkes.
Who along with his friends plotted to get rid of the King and the government.
Guy Fawkes was one of the culprits. But the group was led by a man named Robert Catesby.
Christopher Wright who also had a brother in the group…..Bates….Thomas Winter and more…
They came up with a scheme called the “Gunpowder plot”…

Which was to buy the house next door, next door to the House of the Parliament. The house came with a cellar, which led directly under the House of the Parliament…

Where they would put barrels of gunpowder and kaboom… (explosion)

However on the fifth of November just hours before the plot, Guy Fawkes was caught by some soldiers…
(Karate noises…)

And so every fifth of November, people light fireworks…
To celebrate the fact that King James the first survived the Gunpowder Plot…
Hurray… (yippy yea noises)

Еще мы нашли зажигательную песню, которая немного наивно рассказывает нам историю Порохового заговора и об’ясняет, что именно мы празднуем в Ночь костров.

At the “Duck and Drake” met a Catholic gang
They didn’t like King James so they hatched a plan
They wanted to be free but went to the extreme
This is the tale – of bonfire night…

On bonfire night they tried to light up the sky
And blow up the King in a ball of fire
But the fuse never burned their plot was overturned
And that’s why we light fireworks tonight

They rented a room under parliament
Rolled in thirty barrels in the dead of night
Filled with gunpowder there would be no survivors
This is the tale – of bonfire night…

Give a penny for the guy ‘cos they all survived
On November the 5th back in 1605
Their leader from York was called Guy Fawkes
This is the tale – of bonfire night…

Скачать

Видео Наташи с русскими и английскими субтитрами можно скачать по ссылке: https://cloud.mail.ru/public/B3fr/eqmpB4Lo1

Текст видео можно скачать по ссылке: https://cloud.mail.ru/public/6MBW/CGMTjxJLY

Песню Bonefire night можно скачать по ссылке:
https://cloud.mail.ru/public/2qEU/NWJzm6zdR

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